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Mastering the Art of Carry Trading

Mastering the Art of Carry Trading

The Fundamentals of Carry Trading

Carry trading involves the technique of borrowing funds in a currency with low interest rates and investing those funds in a currency offering high interest rates. The profit results from the interest rate differential. This strategy is widely favoured amongst Forex traders as a potential source of steady income with notably lower risk than other trading strategies. However, it should be noted that carry trading does indeed have its inherent risks.

Unveiling the Mechanics of Carry Trading

Consider an example to understand the mechanics of carry trading. Assume that the U.S. dollar carries an interest rate of 0.25% and the Japanese yen is associated with an interest rate of -0.10%. You can borrow 100,000 U.S. dollars and invest it in Japanese yen, which would generate an interest netting 0.15% per annum. The carry trade profit is the difference between the interest earned on the investment and the interest paid for the loan. Hence, the profit would amount to 0.15% - 0.10% = 0.05% per year.

Optimal Trading Assets for Carry Trading

The ideal trading assets for carry trading are currencies with substantial interest rate differentials. Some of the notable carry trade currency pairs include:

  • AUD/JPY: While the Australian dollar comes with a high interest rate, the Japanese yen carries a low interest rate.
  • NZD/JPY: The New Zealand dollar holds a higher interest rate, whereas the Japanese yen carries a lower interest rate.
  • USD/CAD: The U.S. dollar holds a higher interest rate, while the Canadian dollar carries a lower interest rate.
  • EUR/CHF: The euro carries a higher interest rate, while the Swiss franc holds a lower interest rate.

Top Carry Trading Indicators

Several indicators can be utilized to spot promising carry trading opportunities, including:

  • Interest rate differential: This indicates the variance in interest rates of two currencies.
  • Carry ratio: This reflects the potential interest earnings from a carry trade.
  • Volatility: This indicates the degree of price fluctuation in a currency pair.
  • Correlation: This evaluates the similarity in price movements between two currencies.

Expert Views on Carry Trading

There is a range of opinions among experts regarding carry trading as an investment strategy. While some consider it a legitimate and profitable technique, others perceive it as risky and recommend cautious investment.

Prudent Tips for Successful Carry Trading

Research: Prior to entering the carry trade market, undertake comprehensive research to grasp its underlying risks.

Diversification: Do not focus all your investments in one place. Diversify your portfolio by investing in various currencies.

Use Stop-Loss Orders: These orders execute a sale of your investment when its price falls to a certain level, limiting your losses in case of unexpected market fluctuations.

While carry trading can potentially yield profits, it should be practised with caution. By considering these tips, your risk may be minimized and chances of profits may increase.


Choosing to adopt carry trading as a strategy is a subjective decision, based on the investor's risk tolerance and investment objectives. Potential investors are advised to assess these factors meticulously before making trading decisions.

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